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Australian Carpenter Bees
X. aeratus life cycle

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Discussion
Introduction
Methods
Locations
Nest Types
Banksia Tree
Xanthorrhoea flower
Cell Construction
Egg Size
Life Cycles
X. aeratus life cycle
X. bombylans life cycle
Wrap-Up

KI population's brood were present in nests primarily from late spring to late summer.
 
WW populations brood occurred in mid-summer.
 
Egg laying began later in KI than in WW as this is
    reflected by smaller ovary sizes during early spring
    and fewer #'s of brood
 
For KI, few brood were found in the autumn and one
    pupa was found in winter (possibly due to late
    summer production when development times are
    longer)
 
In KI + WW Multi-female colonies tended to occur
    during the beginning of brood-rearing, but by the 
    end, the colonies were solitary female.